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What you need to know about Tesla's Model 3


Launched with the intention of being Tesla’s first mass-market electric car, the new Model 3 is smaller and simpler than the other vehicles in the Californian carmaker’s stable.
And according to Tesla, the new saloon is the “more affordable” of the range – though with a starting price at just under £39,000, many would query that claim.

The order book for the Model 3 officially opened at the start of May – though reservations had begun prior to that – with three versions of the car on sale, the most expensive coming in at £56,000. But change the colour from the standard black and you will have to shell out more.

Compared with the Model S, Tesla’s flagship car, the Model 3 has slower acceleration from 0 to 60mph, a shorter range and less than 100 customizable configurations compared with more than 1,500 in the bigger car.

Interest in going electric is growing fast: research from Close Brothers Motor Finance suggests 15% more motorists are looking to buy an electric car with their next purchase compared with two years ago. And while Tesla is clearly confident about the future of the new car, expecting to ship between 360,000 and 400,000 vehicles worldwide this year, is it really an affordable option for Britons?

How does the new car compare?
The entry-level price of £38,900 is inclusive of VAT and a “destination and documentation fee”, a cost to have the car transported and paperwork completed. The price is also after the £3,500 UK “plug-in grant” – which the government gives to dealerships and manufacturers and reduces the cost of a new electric vehicle – has been applied.

The Model 3 will be competing with the BMW 3 series, which starts at just under £32,500 for both petrol and diesel options.

Looking at other electric vehicles, cheaper than the Model 3 is the Hyundai Kona Electric, which starts at £27,250, and the Kia e-Niro at £32,995. At the more expensive end is the Jaguar I-Pace at £60,995, and the Audi e-tron at £68,020. All prices are after the plug-in grant has been applied.

Who is it aimed at?
Competing in the mid-sized car market, where the BMW 3 series is popular, the Model 3 will mainly be aimed at the executive market, says Melanie Shufflebotham, the founder of Zap-Map, which details where electric car chargers can be found around the country.

“It is primarily for people who are tech-savvy, who may be slightly aspirational. They want to be on the leading edge of the technology curve and want decent range and a high-quality vehicle,” she says.

What about running costs?
After the initial outlay, the running costs of electric cars differ greatly from petrol. First, there is tax – electric cars are exempt from car tax, or vehicle excise duty, which saves the new Tesla drivers between £145 and £210 a year compared with similar cars. Teslas are also exempt from the congestion charge in London of £11.50 a day.

The cost of charging the vehicle depends on where you do it: at home or at a charging station. At home, the tariff you are on will dictate the price, and some employers have workplace charging points offering free access throughout the day. Many public charging points are free to use; others require payment and this varies widely. Rapid chargers usually involve payment.

Shufflebotham puts the cost of running an electric car at 3p per mile compared with 12p to 14p a mile for a petrol or diesel vehicle.

Where there could be a sting is in insurance. Some quotes may be high as there are not many of these vehicles on the road. In the past, there have been high premiums as insurers don’t like vehicles that are expensive to replace or repair. On the flip side, electric car drivers are often perceived as being older with good driving habits.

Last month, LV= launched an insurance policy exclusively for electric cars, claiming it to be the first of its kind. The policy covers the recovery of cars that have run out of charge mid-journey and home-charging cables and boxes.

 Tesla charging point
Tesla charging point
 The cost of charging the Model 3 will depend on where you do it, at home or at a Tesla charging point.
Will it get me home?

The oft-cited “range anxiety”, where a driver fears they will run out of charge before they get to their destination, is a concern that dogs electric cars. The estimated range for the Model 3 is from 258 to 348 miles, depending on the model, says Tesla.

The number of charging points around the country has been expanding rapidly, according to Shufflebotham. “It is a chicken and egg [situation],” she says. “You have to have the drivers out there to invest in the charging points, but you need charging points to make people feel comfortable about driving an electric car. Overall, the charging network is growing at a speedy rate.”

Zap-Map puts the number of locations with a public charging point at 8,318. Tesla has a network of almost 290 superchargers at 51 locations across the UK. Drivers can get an 80% recharge in 30 minutes at these. The most southerly one is in Lifton in Devon, while Aviemore in Scotland is the most northerly. The company also has a wider network of “destination” chargers, which charge vehicles over a few hours.

How do I buy one?
You may have to wait months. Those who made reservations, by paying a £1,000 deposit, will get priority delivery, which begins late next month, according to Tesla’s UK website. The firm did not respond to queries from Guardian Money about order numbers and how many cars it expects to sell in the UK this year.

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